What is GIS/Mapping?

"A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface. GIS can show many different kinds of data on one map. This enables people to more easily see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships. With GIS technology, people can compare the locations of different things in order to discover how they relate to each other. For example, using GIS, the same map could include sites that produce pollution, such as gas stations, and sites that are sensitive to pollution, such as wetlands. Such a map would help people determine which wetlands are most at risk. GIS can use any information that includes location. The location can be expressed in many different ways, such as latitude and longitude, address, or ZIP code. Many different types of information can be compared and contrasted using GIS. The system can include data about people, such as population, income, or education level. It can include information about the land, such as the location of streams, different kinds of vegetation, and different kinds of soil. It can include information about the sites of factories, farms, and schools, or storm drains, roads, and electric power lines." --National Geographic

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Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: - gordon gordon Sep 22, 2016

(1) How might this technology be relevant to academic and research libraries?

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • - wlougee wlougee Oct 25, 2016 Missing areas involving infrastructure (local and global) for GIS data, also spatial interfaces (Geoblacklight and other apps).
  • - wlougee wlougee Oct 25, 2016 Hybrid environment of vector and raster data worth highlighting -- how integrate the two?
  • I'm seeing a lot of interest in GIS from historians who want to explore "place" in their research. - shorisyl shorisyl Nov 1, 2016
  • add your response here
  • Vocabolaries and Gazateers - Laurents.Sesink Laurents.Sesink Nov 12, 2016
  • Widely divergent availability of data, can be very expensive.

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on academic and research libraries?

  • - wlougee wlougee Oct 25, 2016 This is an area that is sufficiently foundational vis-a-vis core resources that nearly all academic libraries need some involvement.
  • - wlougee wlougee Oct 25, 2016 Area where issues of infrastructure and expertise can be shared -- opportunities for multi-library action or campus partnerships. - Laurents.Sesink Laurents.Sesink Nov 12, 2016
  • Impact on potential for multi-modal scholarship, which could leverage a lot of library expertise - both technical and pedagogical. - shorisyl shorisyl Nov 1, 2016
  • Because GIS is a tool that is used across disciplines, and because of the need for data collection and management, it is a natural fit for libraries, which have a historic role in those areas. - mcalter mcalter Nov 1, 2016
  • This technology has been having an impact for many years - a number of libraries have GIS librarians and geospatial labs and offer services such as geocoding (e.g. using postal codes to attach location information and census data to survey data or marketing data). Natural outgrowth of the map library. Some offer limited services such as locating data, accessing, converting etc. , others offer public sessions on using free tools to develop custom layers, others host servers and help students and researchers build interactive research showcases. One potential role is development of infrastructure - tools are hard to use or have limited capability, GIS data is difficult to search for and there are no good bibliographic tools. Integrated metadata warehouse and search engine? - kristi-thompson kristi-thompson Nov 12, 2016
  • The focus on indoor GIS use is moving in a direction that could revolutionize the user experience regarding locating items or areas of items. - tchaffin tchaffin Nov 13, 2016

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

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