What is Digital Scholarship?

"Digital scholarship is the use of digital evidence, methods of inquiry, research, publication and preservation to achieve scholarly and research goals.[1] Digital scholarship can encompass both scholarly communication using digital media and research on digital media. An important aspect of digital scholarship is the effort to establish digital media and social media as credible, professional and legitimate means of research and communication.[2] Digital scholarship has a close association with digital humanities, though the relationship between these terms is unclear." -Wikipedia

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(1) How might this technology be relevant to academic and research libraries?

  • Digital scholarship is a burgeoning area in academic and research libraries, and I believe many of use are struggling with how best to support it. Related areas include open access, institutional repositories for scholarly work, data research management and digital preservation and conservation. How should our libraries be involved? - MarwinBritto MarwinBritto Oct 19, 2016 - shorisyl shorisyl Oct 27, 2016 - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016 Adding to this, people interested in working in this area may not be well-supported by the larger institution unless they come in with a solid understanding of what they need. Libraries can fill the gap to help researchers get the institutional resources they need to explore digital scholarship.- mheller1 mheller1 Nov 11, 2016 - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016
  • - wlougee wlougee Oct 25, 2016 research libraries increasingly focused on support for processes of research and scholarship, not just product focused. Enabling diverse workflows with tools, technologies, content, and expertise is critical part of portfolio. - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016
  • It's not really a "technology," but rather a set of practices and methodologies. Don't think it belongs under the category of Internet. - askeyd askeyd Nov 2, 2016 I agree, digital scholarship employs a variety of technologies. - mylee.joseph mylee.joseph Nov 8, 2016- mheller1 mheller1 Nov 11, 2016 Further, the significance of libraries being engaged deeply in digital scholarship practice rests with librarians developing expertise in these areas as part of their professional portfolios; and / or libraries engaging other professional experts in academia to provide that expertise in the context of digital scholarship centers within libraries - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016
  • Digital Scholarship is an umbrella definition which covers broad topics such as Data Science, Open Access, Data Management. The trend is that Big Data and the use of it in research is growing fast in all scientific disciplines. There are many technologies which drive digital scholarship. The focus on process instead of product is relevant. Data Scientist need support from data stewards and data engineers. See also the report from the High Level Export Groep European Open Science Cloud - Laurents.Sesink Laurents.Sesink Nov 11, 2016 - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • - wlougee wlougee Oct 25, 2016 there is potential ambiguity here in conflating the methodologies of scholarship (e.g., text mining, image analysis, etc.) with new output genres --i.e., new forms of "publication." The former may result in traditional output. Similarly traditional research might result in the latter.
  • The Wikipedia definition is narrow and reflects only one current usage of 'digital scholarship' in the academy. Others deploy it with different intentions. For example, we operate a Centre for Digital Scholarship, which is much more of a DH-related activity than anything to do with scholarly communication or digital media, although both of those are closely related in many ways. In general, the Wikipedia definition is too narrow. - askeyd askeyd Nov 2, 2016- mheller1 mheller1 Nov 11, 2016
  • I agree with Dale. We have a lot of challenges on campus in articulating the difference between digital humanities and digital scholarship. I consider the latter to embrace all disciplines as they apply digital technologies to the information aspects of their research (for example open lab notebooks) but I don't think we have found an easy or accepted definition. - cmkeithw cmkeithw Nov 9, 2016
  • At the University of Leiden we started in July of this year a Centre for Digital Scholarship where we support scholars with Data Science, Data Management and Open Access. Because digital scholarship is a topic where a lot of university departments and of course faculties are dealing with, it is important to keep in mind the context in which the Centre operaties. All universities are organised differently, most important thing is to keep in mind that support for digital scholarship should be complementary with other support and activities in the university. - Laurents.Sesink Laurents.Sesink Nov 11, 2016
  • The suggestion that digital humanities has a close relationship with digital scholarship but the relationship is unclear seems wrong to me. Digital humanities is digital scholarship in the humanities, but often is interdisciplinary, and digital techniques used in the social sciences or hard sciences may be used instead of traditional humanistic modes of scholarship. The point is that new tools are available and are increasingly showing up in all disciplines.- mheller1 mheller1 Nov 11, 2016 - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016
  • A core theme that may be missing from #1 above is a definition of what digital scholarship is. Clifford Lynch's 2014 article titled "The 'Digital' Disconnect" in EDUCAUSE Review framed the term digital scholarship as "shorthand" for evolving scholarly work that focuses increasingly on data as evidence base, and that has been transformed by High performance computing and networking, visualization technologies, and technologies for creation, analysis, and sharing of big data (https://www.cni.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/lynch-digital_ERM14.pdf). As technologies evolve, and as the nature of scholarship practice evolves, so too is the work and expertise of libraries, as support and partner in the research process. As Laurent notes above, DS services in libraries should support the scholarship in an institution, and complement existing services that are available in an institution. - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on academic and research libraries?

  • One of the challenges is that the academy is behind in considering digital forms of scholarship on par with more traditional forms of scholarship. Libraries can partner or champion support for inclusion of digital scholarship in promotion and tenure requirements within the library and the institution. - MarwinBritto MarwinBritto Oct 19, 2016 - shorisyl shorisyl Oct 27, 2016 - mylee.joseph mylee.joseph Nov 8, 2016
  • - wlougee wlougee Oct 25, 2016 Research libraries must both support (with expertise, technologies, educational programs) and fulfill traditional library roles (e.g., providing access, preservation to digital scholarship output). - mylee.joseph mylee.joseph Nov 8, 2016
  • This has significant structure, staffing, and resource implications for libraries. Libraries must change what has been a very established way of organizing departments and technologies in order to best serve the community. Moreover, the expertise required to best implement some of these technologies can be expensive and may not necessarily require formal graduate education in librarianship. This is another departure from tradition, but one that is necessary to be the most efficient. - shorisyl shorisyl Oct 27, 2016 - mylee.joseph mylee.joseph Nov 8, 2016- mheller1 mheller1 Nov 11, 2016
  • DH scholars can use library APIs to build their own customised interfaces to catalogues and collections, including mashing up data from different sources (eg. QueryPic http://dhistory.org/querypic/ and Archives Viewer http://dhistory.org/archives/naa/ from Tim Sherratt http://wraggelabs.com/) - mylee.joseph mylee.joseph Nov 8, 2016
  • I see this all as absolutely core - we need to find our place in the digital scholars' workflow - I'm not sure libraries have been uniformly successful. When we look at certain large publishers, we can map their suite of products to the workflow much more comprehensively than the services and offerings of most libraries. The key point here is that if we are not part of the workflow, we will a) risk invisibility and b) fail to understand unmet needs, service development opportunities, and struggle to make our existing offerings useable. - cmkeithw cmkeithw Nov 9, 2016- mheller1 mheller1 Nov 11, 2016
  • To support digital scholarship libraries should invest in building up more ICT related skills, should move from an administrative to an adaptive organisation and be part of research projects. Libraries could also play a role in the training researchers by means of software and data carpentry - Laurents.Sesink Laurents.Sesink Nov 11, 2016 - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016- liusq liusq Nov 12, 2016support of digital scholarship challenge librarians
  • As digital scholarship practice evolves, libraries have opportunities to offer core services and expertise and to be a physical and virtual nexus that supports the creation of scholarly output, deposit and dissemination, management and curation; support for visualization, data discovery, manipulation and analysis; etc. What's important about this emerging scholarship environment is that many kinds of specialized expertise are needed, depending on the type of scholarship practice. Libraries also need to partner with technical and domain specialists to support these needs. Commercial services are developing that support workflows, deposit, and management, but I don't see these as wholly supplanting digital scholarship services at the institution level. In fact, some of these tools could be useful. - sandore sandore Nov 12, 2016

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

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